Albert Leonidas Mebane, one of seven children belonging to Peter and Esther Mebane, was born and raised on a small farm near Giilford, North Carolina. When Albert was twelve his father died and he went to live with his grandparents, Albert and Annie Mebane, in Greensboro.

He attended the public schools of Guilford County and graduated from North Carolina Agricultural & Technical College in Greensboro. He then studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, and received a Master of Science degree in agriculture from Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa.

Professor Mebane began his teaching career at Princess Anne Academy in Maryland. He later taught vocational agriculture at Tuskegee Institute, Tuskegee, Alabama, under the supervision of Booker T. Washington; vocational agriculture at Kentucky State College, Frankfurt, Kentucky, and was Dean of Agriculture at both North Carolina A & T and Florida Agriculture & Mechanical College, Tallahassee, Florida.

In 1924 he became a teacher at the Alachua County Training School (ACT), Alachua, Florida. Eventually, Professor Mebane was appointed principal. He held the position of principal until 1951, when failing health necessitated his retirement. During his tenure ACT grew from a small community school serving grades 1-9 to a consolidated, state accredited school providing an education for African American children in kindergarten through twelfth grades.

A new school serving African American students in northwest Alachua County was built in 1956. It was dedicated and named in his honor, the A. L. Mebane School.

In February of 1970, under Federal mandate, Alachua County schools were integrated and A. L. Mebane School was restructured and designated A. L. Mebane Middle School.